The diamond-shaped lozenge on the St. Margaret’s coat of arms represents the armorial bearings particular to a woman. The means of defense of a woman was always depicted by this variety of escutcheon. The Lion Rampant indicates the authority of the Scottish government vested in the sovereign. The Lion as the King of Beasts has always been borne on shields, particularly those of royalty. The Cross and Birds were taken from the arms of Edward the Confessor, Margaret’s uncle. The Birds are known as martlets, whose inability to land symbolizes the quest for knowledge, learning, and adventure; and the Cross represents Christendom.